Foreign & International Blog
The just-released Treaties in Force 2009 publication by the U.S. Department of State will tell you what bilateral and mulitlateral treaties to which the United States is a party are currently in force. This is an annual publication also available in print and on HeinOnline (subscription database available to Yale community only).
Treaty research can be complicated so there are plenty of research guides and databases to help with your research. You will find them on our Foreign and International Research Resources page.
Our very own Zachary D. Kaufman, YLS JD Candidate '09, will be giving a book talk this Friday, April 17, 2009, at 4:00pm, in the Law Library's L3 Periodical Reading Room. Zach, an Olin Fellow and editor-in-chief of the Yale Law & Policy Review edited After Genocide: Transitional Justice, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, and Reconciliation in Rwanda and Beyond with Philip Clark, research fellow at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of
Oxford, and co-founder of Oxford Transitional Justice Research.
In After Genocide, published by Columbia University Press, ". . . leading scholars and practitioners analyze the political, legal, and
regional impact of events in post-genocide Rwanda within the broader
themes of transitional justice, reconstruction, and reconciliation."
The book includes ". . . chapters from Rwandan academics and practitioners, such as
Tom Ndahiro, Solomon Nsabiyera Gasana, and Jean Baptiste Kayigamba—all
of whom are also survivors of the 1994 genocide—and draws on their
personal experiences. After Genocide constitutes the most comprehensive survey to date of issues related to post-genocide Rwanda and transitional justice." Read a more complete description of the book.
After Genocide is not on our shelves yet, but it will be very soon!
On a related note, to start researching the domestic law of Rwanda, begin with our Country-by-Country guide. A nice portal to Rwandan legislation is Lexadin's World Law Guide. Also, a simple Morris "Call Number" search for Rwanda -- KTD --will return a list of titles that have been assigned to Rwandan law. Other human rights materials related to Rwanda are found elsewhere in the library collection. A Morris Subject Heading" search, human rights rwanda, will return more resources cataloged primarily under human rights rather than strictly Rwandan law.
FIT is searchable by any one or a combination of the following:
keywords drawn from the official, popular and alternative
titles which have been used for each treaty
additional keywords relevant to the subject matter
or organisations associated with the treaty
the date on which the treaty was concluded
the place where the treaty was concluded
For example, a free-text search for "genocide" will redirect you to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. When you click on the Convention, you'll discover that the treaty was concluded on 9/12/1958 in New York, and is published at 78 UNTS 277 (and many other places). There are also several links that will take you to the full-text of the convention.
For more resources related to treaty research, including a drafting history (travaux preparatoires) research guide and an annotated list of databases, see the Yale Foreign and International Resources page.
The State Deparment recently began publishing online the Treaties and Other International Acts Series (TIAS). This website is open-access and a work-in-progress. As of today there are only treaties from the years 1996 - 1998. The treaties are available in pdf. UPDATE: TIAS is now available up to 2001.
You can find scanned pdfs of the TIAS print volumes on HeinOnline from 1982 - 1996. UPDATE: TIAS is now available up to 2000.
The print volumes of TIAS are available on L1 (KZ235.32 .U55) but have only been published up to 1998.
The Frederick K. Cox International Law Center at Case Western Reserve law school has developed an exiting new War Crimes Research Portal. The portal has four features:
- the portal contains over a thousand links to websites related to international humanitarian law, arranged alphabetically by subject area and including a summary of the content of each site;
- the portal contains the text of over 120 research memoranda on issues pending before the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, the Special Court for Sierra Leone, and the International Criminal Court. The memos can be searched by date published, title, or keywords. (Cites to the memos should take the following form: [Author’s name], [Title of Memo], Research Memorandum Prepared for the Office of the Prosecutor of the [Name of Tribunal], [Date].);
- there is a Research Guide to international humanitarian law and tribunals, prepared by the Case Law School Law Library, which includes a bibliography of relevant articles and books, as well as links to international law journals on the Web;
- the portal contains "instant analysis" articles, written each month by the members of the American Branch of the International Association of Penal Law, on the hottest topics in international criminal law.
Frederick K. Cox International Law Center also has webcasts available of recent events:
- War Crimes Research Symposium: The International Criminal Court and the Crime of Aggression
Speakers: M. Cherif Bassiouni, Mark Ellis, Don Ferencz, William Schabas and many more
- Klatsky Seminar in Human Rights: The Future of Human Rights
Speaker Information: Geoffrey Robertson, Queen's Counsel, formerly of the SCSL
When searching for books on war crimes and humanitarian law in Morris, try searching by the following Subject Headings:
- war crime trials
- war (international law)
- guerillas (international law)
HeinOnline is a subscription database collection available to the Yale community.*
HeinOnline's United Nations Law Collection will allow you
to access UN research materials quickly and easily using the Finding Aids
available from the collection home page.
The Finding Aids include the ability to:
- Find and retrieve a UN Treaty by entering the UNTS Citation
- Search for
a UN Treaty by treaty/registration number, country, short title, popular name
- Search by
subject, as all treaties have been assigned a Kavass Subject
- Find and
link directly to law review articles that cite a UN Treaty
Hein has also developed user guides, video tutorials,
FAQ’s, and more. Training Resources Include:
Reference Guide (PDF format): http://heinonline.org/HeinDocs/UN_QuickRefGuide.pdf
Nations Law Collection Wiki Page: http://heinonline.org/wiki/index.php/HeinOnlineLibSpec:United_Nations
The United Nations Law Collection Wiki page contains
links to the Quick Reference Guide, Video Tutorial, FAQs, How-To information,
search examples, and more!
Hein further invites users to collaborate and join in discussions via HeinOnline’s 2.0 Community.
Friend Hein on Facebook, collaborate on Hein's Wiki, subscribe to Hein's Blog,
watch Hein on YouTube, or follow Hein on Twitter!
Visit Hein at http://www.heinonline.org/home/training/Educational_Resources.html
to find out more about our virtual community.
*In order to access HeinOnline and other Yale subscription database from
off-campus, you must be connected to the Yale network via VPN.
The International Video Law Library is a fantastic place to find, listen to, and watch leading experts in the field discuss substantive international law issues. Also within the International Video Law Library is the Human Rights Video Library.
Some of the lectures in the library include:
- Thomas Buergenthal, Judge at the International Court of Justice, speaks about reservations to treaties.
- Philippe Kirsch, President of the International Criminal Court, for an
interview in September 2005 in which he introduced himself, and went on
to give the historical background of the creation of the International Criminal Court. President Kirsch then when on to explain how the Court functions, its structure, and finally gave a status report of the Court's activites as of 2005.
James Crawford , Whewell Professor of International Law, University of Cambridge, considers his time at the UN International Law Commission as part of the Working Group on an International Criminal Court and the drafting of the 1994 Draft Statute for an International Criminal Court. The
1994 ILC Draft was source of the drafting process which ultimately lead
to the 1998 Rome Diplomatic Conference and the creation of the
International Criminal Court.
Judge Navanethem Pillay,
President of the International Criminal for Rwanda Tribunal (1999 -
2003) and later Judge of the International Criminal Court introduces
herself and explains why the Rwanda Tribunal was established. Judge Pillay speaks about the legacy which the ICTR will leave in respect to the
Christine Chinkin, Professor of
International Law at the London School of Economics and Political
Science (LSE), discusses the feminist approach to international law.
There are many more. Enjoy!
Of course the Yale Law Library has a fantastic print and electronic international law library. For a list of our electronic international law resources, go to our webpage of Foreign, International and Transnational Law Resources. Our international law reference books, treatises, looseleafs, and monographs are in the compact and open shelving areas and reading room on L1 as well as the Upper East Side. The librarians are more than happy to assist you with your international legal research!
The BBC recently reported that the EU and Cuba have formally renewed ties that were severed 5 years ago following "a mass arrest of dissidents." Cuba will now receive 2 million Euros of aid for the hurricanes that swept over the island this summer; aid will increase to 30 million Euros next year.
The Yale Law Library purchases Cuban legal materials whenever possible, in both English and Spanish. You can find Cuban materials on the Lower East Side (LES), Call No. KGN. See, for example:
- The Role of the Judiciary in Post-Castro Cuba - KGH2545 .S26 2003
- Instrumentos internacionales sobre derechos humanos ratificados por Cuba - KGN3003 .I57 2001
- La protección del medio ambiente en Cuba - KGN3305 .A67 C66 2005
Of course we also collect interdisciplinary materials involving Cuba and the United States. Try a Subject Heading search in our Morris catalog:
- Cuba - Foreign Relations - United States; or
- Cuba - Foreign Economic Relations - United States
- When you pull up an item record on Morris, click on any of the Subjects Headings to view other related Subject Headings. Click again on any of the Subject Headings to find related books.
For a compilation of treaties involving Cuba, try another Subject Heading search: Cuba - Foreign Relations - Treaties . Also check out the new and improved United Nations Treaty Collection database. It's open-access and easy to search.
We also have a few Cuban DVDs:
- Lucia (1968) by Humberto Solas (one of my all-time favorites!)
- Quien Diablos es Julietta? (1967) by Carlos Marcovich
- Check IMDB for reviews: Lucia and Julietta
The new and improved United Nations Treaty Collection database is up and running. In this fabulous open-access database, you can find the complete run of the United Nations Treaty Series (UNTS), League of Nations Treaty Series (LoN), Multilateral treaties deposited with the
UN, Status of Treaties (MTDSG), Certified True Copies (CTCs) of treaties (pdfs), and
Depositary Notifications (CNs). There is a UN legal research guide, cumulative index, and more. The database has been further refined to offer a variety of
advanced search features including Popular Name search, Title search,
and Participant search.
UNTS is also available in print in the tunnel between L1 and the UES. You can find all of Yale's subscription-based and some open-access international law databases and resources on our Foreign and International Law Resources page.