Rare Books Blog

November 28, 2010

 The newest galleries in the Rare Book Collection’s Flickr site feature two of the most heavily illustrated books in the history of legal literature, both by the Flemish jurist Joost de Damhoudere (1507-1581). Both were also among the most popular law books of their time, going through numerous editions in several languages.

Damhoudere’s Praxis rerum criminalium became the standard handbook of criminal law in northern Europe. We recently acquired the first edition, published in Louvain in 1554 under the title Enchiridion rerum criminalium. Our Flickr gallery, Enchiridion Rerum Criminalium (1554), presents all 54 of its woodcuts, which illustrate specific crimes and criminal procedure and also serve as documents of daily life in early modern Europe. Below is my personal favorite, illustrating the crime of dumping one’s garbage on passers-by. Praxis rerum criminalium was published 36 times between 1554 and 1660, and was translated from Latin into Dutch, French, and German.

The other gallery, Practique iudiciaire et causes civiles (1572), contains the 17 woodcuts from Damhoudere’s Practique iudiciaire et causes civiles (Antwerp, 1572), including the portrait of the author at right. It is the only French edition of Damhoudere’s Praxis rerum civilium, which was appeared in 14 editions between 1567 and 1660.

These two works must owe much of their popularity to their usefulness, but perhaps their illustrations also played a role in making them attractive to buyers. I know of few other early law books with so many illustrations, and none with such lively ones.

MIKE WIDENER
Rare Book Librarian

November 10, 2010

I have added several more images of Justitia (or Lady Justice, if you prefer) to the Justitia gallery in the Rare Book Collection’s Flickr site. Below is one of them, taken from no. 3 of the Bollettino delle leggi della Repubblica Romana (Rome, 1798-1799).

Among the motives for building the Justitia gallery are the new book by Yale law professors Judith Resnik and Dennis Curtis, Representing Justice: Invention, Controversy, and Rights in City-States and Democratic Courtrooms, due out shortly from the Yale University Press, and the Spring 2011 seminar on the same topic that Professors Resnik and Curtis will be teaching. The book features over 220 illustrations, including five taken from books in our Rare Book Collections, which are featured in our Representing Justice gallery.

In several recent posts in the Rechtsgeschiedenis blog, my Dutch colleague Otto Vervaart has written three recent posts on the value and use of legal iconography for historical research. These posts also provide a number of useful links to online resources for legal iconography. These links (and more) can also be found on the Digital Collections page of Vervaart’s Rechthistorie website. One of these resources, the Dutch Database for Legal Iconography (NCRD) at the National Library of the Netherlands, is currently restricted to library pass holders, but a librarian there has told me that early in 2011 the database will be opened to all users. Watch this space for an announcement.

MIKE WIDENER

Rare Book Librarian

 

October 28, 2010

There are two new sets of images in the Rare Book Collection’s Flickr galleries: Tractatus iuris (1549) and Tractatus universi iuris (1584-86). Apart from the title pages, you won’t see any pretty pictures in these image sets. What you will see are tables of contents and indexes of authors and titles for these two massive compilations of Roman and canon law scholarship. The images were cropped and edited for legibility, not for aesthetics. I scanned the images to save myself the trouble of wrestling these large and unwieldy volumes, but I hope researchers will benefit as well.

The 18-volume Tractatus ex variis iuris interpretibus (1549) was published by a consortium of Lyon printers. Its tall folios contains 458 separate works by over 200 different authors on virtually any topic of interest to lawyers and jurists of the time, and served as a sort of encyclopedia of the ius commune. Topics include arbitration, contracts, heresy, debt, adultery, taxation, judicial torture, banking, estates, criminal procedure, and the law of war, to name just a very few. Most of the leading authors of medieval and Renaissance jurisprudence are represented, including Baldus, Bartolus, Durandus, Odofredus, Jean Montaigne, Jacobus de Arena, Johann Oldendorp, and Guy de la Pape.

A much-expanded expanded edition, the 22-volume Tractatus universi iuris, was issued in 1584-86 by the Venetian publisher and bookseller Francesco Zilletti. It contains 754 titles by 362 authors, including several jurists who rose to prominence after the publication of the 1549 edition (i.e. Joost de Damhoudere, Benvenuto Stracca).

I hope that putting the author and title contents of these sets online will encourage others to study them. They are of interest for a number of reasons.

In connection with the history of the book, these were quite large and ambitious publishing ventures for their time. The 1549 Lyon edition required a consortium of printers, including Thomas Bertellus, Georges Regnault, and Pierre Fradin. It is tempting to speculate on a link between Pope Gregory XIII’s sponsorship of the 1584-86 Tractatus universi iuris and the fine the Inquisition levied against its printer, Francesco Zilletti, a couple of years earlier for selling prohibited books.

An analysis of how the contents changed between the 1549 and 1584-86 editions would shed light on developments in legal scholarship. My cursory look at the contents reveals signs of the Counter-Reformation. The 1549 Tractatus contained 13 articles by the German jurist Johann Oldendorp, who was also a leader in the Protestant Reformation, but in the 1584-86 edition Oldendorp is nowhere to be found.

MIKE WIDENER
Rare Book Librarian

October 25, 2010

The November 2010 issue of Smithsonian magazine, available online, has a feature article, “A Murder in Salem” by E.J. Wagner, on the notorious 1830 murder-for-hire of Captain Joseph White in Salem, Massachusetts and the several trials of its alleged perpetrators. The case spawned a slew of pamphlets and broadsides, and is cited as an inspiration for Edgar Allen Poe’s “The Tell-tale Heart” and Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter. (Thanks to PhiloBiblos, the blog of my colleague Jeremy Dibell, for bringing the article to my attention.)

Earlier this year the Rare Book Collection more than doubled its holdings on the Joseph White case with the acquisition of a collection formed by the Hon. Raymond S. Wilkins (1891-1972), a Salem native who served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts from 1956 to 1970. As a result, we now have ten of the twelve items on the White case listed in McDade’s Annals of Murder, and eleven of the fifteen items in Morris Cohen’s Bibliography of Early American Law (BEAL). Six of the titles in Wilkins’ collection are not in either McDade or BEAL:

 In addition, there is a collection of 26 letters, clippings, and other ephemera on the Joseph White case collected by Wilkins, some of it dealing with Wilkins’ unsuccessful effort to get a book on the case published by the Harvard University Press.

You can view the records for most of the Joseph White items by searching our online catalog, Morris, for the subject “White, Joseph, 1747 or 8-1830”.

Altogether, the collection provides rich and varied sources for research on the Joseph White murder.

Stay tuned for more “Research Opportunities.”

 

MIKE WIDENER

Rare Book Librarian

October 18, 2010

A video of Mark Zaid’s exhibit talk, “Superheroes in Court! Law, Lawyers and Comic Books,” is now available here, in the Yale Law Librarians channel at Vimeo.com. Zaid’s 52-minute presentation, recorded on Sept. 30, 2010, gives a brief overview of the history of comic books, and then delves into the various ways law and lawyers have been depicted in comics, as well as the influence of law on the comic book industry in areas such as copyright, trademark law, and censorship. Thanks to Dan Griffin of Yale Law School’s Information Technology Services, the video includes Zaid’s PowerPoint images. The video can also be viewed via the Law Library’s online catalog, MORRIS.

An report on Zaid’s talk is available in Scoop, a free e-newsletter for comic book collectors.

If that’s not enough, you can also listen to an interview with Mark Zaid, Dale Cendali (an intellectual property law attorney and comic book collector), and myself that aired on WNPR-FM’s “Where We Live” on October 4. Many thanks to the host, John Dankowsky, and the program’s producer, Josie Holtzman.

The exhibit, “Superheroes in Court! Lawyers, Law and Comic Books,” is on display Sept. 4-Dec, 16, 2010 in the Rare Book Exhibition Gallery, Level L2, Lillian Goldman Law Library, Yale Law School.

MIKE WIDENER

Rare Book Librarian

October 14, 2010

The Paskus-Danziger Rare Book Room welcomed dozens of Yale Law School alumni to an open house during Alumni Weekend, Oct. 8-9. On display were books and manuscripts donated by alumni. It was especially gratifying to have two of the alumni donors among the visitors.

Lois Montbertrand, LAW ‘85 (below, left), has single-handedly built the Connecticut Legal Instruments Collection with the gift of close to sixty early Connecticut legal documents – ranging from land deeds to summonses to lawyers’ ledger books – as well as printed legal forms, almanacs, attorney directories and other printed materials. The collection spans 150 years of legal practice in Connecticut, and is valuable for both teaching and research.

Mr. Jim Thompson LAW ‘55 (below, center), donated Elias Ashmole’s The Institution, Laws & Ceremonies of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (London, 1672). The volume has a long connection with Yale Law School. It was a gift to his late law partner, Anthony Rollins Burnam III, from his grandmother upon Burnam’s graduation from Yale Law School in 1943. Burnam’s widow gave the book to Mr. Thompson, who in turn donated it to the Law Library “as a memorial to Mr. Burnam, reflecting the high esteem which I hold in memory of his personal character and ethics, and his understanding of their vital importance to the successful practice of law.”

MIKE WIDENER
Rare Book Librarian

October 14, 2010

“Mexico Celebrates its Bicentennial: 1810-2010” is an exhibit in honor of Hispanic Heritage Month (Sept. 15 - Oct. 15). It was curated by my colleague Teresa Miguel, Associate Librarian for Foreign & International Law, with some help from me, and includes several items from the Rare Book Collection. It is on display in the wall case just outside the Paskus-Danziger Rare Book Room, on Level L2 of the Lillian Goldman Law Library, Yale Law School.

If you can’t drop by to view the exhibit, you can see it on the Yale Law Library Foreign and International Law Blog. Below is one of the items in the exhibit, Juan Eugenio de Ochoa, Manual del abogado americano (Arequipa, Peru, 1830).

MIKE WIDENER

Rare Book Librarian

 

 

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