Critical Race Theory & Practice: The Dialogue Continues at YLS

“The curse of racism continues to haunt the Nation,” observed Robert C. Post in the opening line of his 1991 article “Racist Speech, Democracy, and the First Amendment.” In that article and in subsequent work, Dean Post argued for coherent antidiscrimination doctrine. Such doctrine would attend to existing social practices, uphold first amendment values, examine the influence of context, and move us toward more robust self-determination. This semester, the doctrinal dialogue continues at YLS with a number of key events.

 On February 4, 2013 at 4:30pm in the Faculty Lounge, Clifford Alexander, past Chairman of the EEOC, will present the 2012-13 Dean’s Lecture, “Post Racial: An American Delusion.” On February 8-9th, YLS will host the 2013 Critical Race Theory Conference, with speakers such as Devon Carbado, Kimberlé Crenshaw, Lani Guinier, Cheryl Harris, Tanya Hernandez, Charles Lawrence, and Gerald Torres. Throughout the semester, presenters ranging from the first chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) to distinguished YLS faculty will discuss a wide range of domestic and international racial justice issues. Before they start, here is a brief introduction to Critical Race Theory. 

Critical Race Theory is a movement and series of writings that address issues of racial discrimination, institutional racism, unequal treatment in employment and housing, and more. CRT scholars debate about the law’s ability to resolve social inequality (i.e., via formal equality). While the seeds of the movement are evident in court decisions such as Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), the scholarship of CRT took root in articles such as “Serving Two Masters: Integration Ideals and Client Interests in School Desegregation Litigation,” authored by Derrick Bell and published by the Yale Law Review in 1976. Bell’s essay and other foundational writings are collected in Critical Race Theory: The Key Writings that Formed the Movement (YLS call # KF4755.A75C7 1995).

If you have time to (re)read one CRT essay, consider Kimberlé Crenshaw’s “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color.” It is a complex article that resists reduction. In it, professor Crenshaw addresses one of the thorniest challenges of CRT scholarship and praxis: defining the plaintiffs/targets/recipients/intended beneficiaries of antidiscrimination law. “Mapping the Margins” adeptly unpacks the identity issues at the heart of CRT debates, and the problems inherent in identifying individuals via their complex social positions. It exposes the multi-faceted nature of discrimination as concomitantly racialized, gendered, aged, geographical, temporal, etc. Professor Crenshaw’s metaphor of the “intersections” at which we live is a touchstone for thinking about race in the United States and beyond. To explore “intersectionality” in a global context, see Mahmood Mamdani’s When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda (YLS call# DT450.435.M35 2001). It is a kaleidoscopic account of post-colonial racialized violence presented via a case study of modern Rwanda. Professor Mamdani criticizes United States foreign policy in the aftermath of the 1994 genocide, arguing that U.S. policymakers’ binary constructions of good and evil prevented them from serving a productive role in peacebuilding. When Victims Become Killers invites us to consider whether the moral fallacies that contribute to racism domestically also inform our international relations.

Beyond those texts, the YLS library maintains an extensive collection of Critical Race Theory volumes, as well as holdings in African American studies, feminist jurisprudence, human rights, queer theory, and more. The following 135 books are but a sampling of what you’ll find:

Amar, Akhil Reed. America’s Unwritten Constitution: The Precedents and Principles We Live By. YLS call# KF4541.A875 2012

Anderson, Margaret & Collins, Patricia Hill (eds.). Race, Class, and Gender: An Anthology. YLS call#: HN59.2.R32 1998

Arsanjani, Mahnoush et al. Looking to the Future: Essays on International Law in Honor of W. Michael Reisman. YLS call# Z3410.L66 2011

Asante, Molefi Kete & Mazama, Ama (eds.). Encyclopedia of Black Studies. YLS call# E185.E554 2005 oversize

Ayres, Ian & Brown, Jennifer Gerarda. Straightforward: How to Mobilize Heterosexual Support for Gay Rights. YLS call# HQ76.8.U5A97 2005 

Balkin, Jack (ed.). What Brown v. Board of Education Should Have Said: The Nation’s Top Legal Experts Rewrite America’s Landmark Civil Rights Decision. YLS call#: KF228.B76W48 2001

Bell, Derrick. And We are Not Saved: The Elusive Quest for Racial Justice. YLS call# KF4757.B349 1989

-----. Faces at the Bottom of the Well: The Permanence of Racism. YLS call# E185.615.B395 1992

-----. Race, Racism, and American Law (6th ed.). YLS call# KF4757.B35 2008

-----. Silent Covenants: Brown v. Board of Education and the Unfulfilled Hopes for Racial Reform. YLS call# KF4155.B34 2004

Benhabib, Seyla & Post, Robert et al. Another Cosmopolitanism. YLS call# JZ1308.B48 2006     

----- & Resnik (eds.). Migrations and Mobilities: Citizenship, Borders, and Gender. YLS call#  K3324.M54 2009           

Bonilla-Silva, Eduardo. Racism without Racists: Color-blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States. YLS call# E184.A1B597 2006

Bosworth, Mary & Flavin, Jeanne (eds.). Race, Gender, and Punishment: From Colonialism to the War on Terror. YLS call# HV9950.R333 2007

Brooks, Richard & Rose, Carol. Saving the Neighborhood: Racially Restrictive Covenants, Law, and Social Norms. Copies of this 2013 book are on order.

Brooks, Roy, et al. Civil Rights Litigation: Cases and Perspectives. YLS call# KF4748.B76 1995

Brown, David & Webb, Clive. Race in the American South: From Slavery to Civil Rights. YLS call# E185.92.B76X 2007

Brown, Kevin. Race, Law and Education in the Post-Desegregation Era. YLS call# KF4155.B678 2005 

Browne-Marshall, Gloria. Race, Law, and American Society: 1607 to Present. YLS call# KF4755.B76X 2007

Butler, Judith. Undoing Gender. YLS call# HQ1075.B89 2004

----- & Scott, Joan (eds.). Feminists Theorize the Political. YLS call# HQ1190.F48 1992

Bynum, Cornelius. A. Philip Randolph and the Struggle for Civil Rights. YLS call# E185.97.R27B97X 2010

Carter, Stephen. The Dissent of the Governed: A Meditation on Law, Religion, and Loyalty. YLS call# JC328.C27 1998

-----. Reflections of an Affirmative Action Baby. HF5549.5.A34C37 1991

Chang, David. The Color of the Land: Race, Nation, and the Politics of Land Ownership in Oklahoma, 1832-1929. YLS call# E99.C9C428X 2010

Chapman, John & Shapiro, Ian (eds.). Democratic Community. YLS call# JC423.D465 1993

Chua, Amy. World on Fire: How Exporting Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability. HF1359.C524 2003 

Collins, Patricia Hill. Fighting Words: Black Women and the Search for Justice. YLS call# E185.86.C5817 1998

Cotran, Eugene & Mallat, Chibli (eds.). The Arab-Israeli Accords: Legal Perspectives. YLS call# KZ4282.A73 1996

Dalton, Harlon. Racial Healing: Confronting the Fear Between Blacks and Whites. YLS call# E185.615.D35 1995

Daugherity, Brian & Bolton, Charles (eds.). With All Deliberate Speed: Implementing Brown v. Board of Education. YLS call# KF4155.W58X 2008

Delgado, Richard & Stefanic, Jean. (eds.). Critical Race Theory: The Cutting Edge (2nd ed.). YLS call# KF4755.C75 2000

Dembour, Marie-Bénédicte & Kelly, Tobias (eds.). Are Human Rights for Migrants?: Critical Reflections on the Status of Irregular Migrants in Europe and the United States. YLS call# K3275.A94X 2011

D’Emilio, John. Sexual Politics, Sexual Communities: The Making of a Homosexual Minority in the United States, 1940-1970. YLS call# HQ76.8.U5D45 1983

----- et al. (eds.). Creating Change: Sexuality, Public Policy, and Civil Rights. YLS call# HQ76.8.U5C74 2000

Eisenberg, Ellen. The First to Cry Down Injustice: Western Jews and Japanese Removal During WWII. YLS call# F596.3.J5E57X 2008

Engel, David & McCann, Michael. Fault Lines: Tort Law as Cultural Practice. YLS call# K923.F37X 2009

Eskidge Jr., William, & Spedale, Darren. Gay Marriage: For Better or For Worse?: What We’ve Learned from the Evidence. YLS call# K699.E85 2006

Finkelman, Paul. African Americans and the Law [vol. 1-10]. YLS call# KF4757.R33 1992

Fiss, Owen. The Dictates of Justice: Essays on Law and Human Rights. YLS call# JC585.F47 2011         

García, Igancio. White but Not Equal: Mexican Americans, Jury Discrimination, and the Supreme Court. YLS call# KF224.H468G37X 2009

Gates, E. Nathaniel (ed.). Critical Race Theory: The Judicial Isolation of the ‘Racially’ Oppressed. YLS call# KF4733.J83 1997

Gillespie, Andra. The New Black Politician: Cory Booker, Newark, and Post-Racial America. YLS call# F144.N653B664 2012

Goldstein, Eduardo. La Discriminación Racial por Origen Nacional y Etnia en las Relaciones Laborales. YLS call# HD4903.5.U8G65 2008

Grewal, David Singh. Network Power: The Social Dynamics of Globalization. YLS call# JZ1318.G792X 2008    

Griffiths, Gareth & Tiffin, Helen (eds.). The Post-Colonial Studies Reader. YLS call# PR9080.P57X 2006

Grimm, Dieter. Die Verfassung und die Politik: Einsprüche in Störfällen. YLS call# KK4455.G75 2001

Gross, Ariela. What Blood Won’t Tell: A History of Race on Trial in America. YLS call# KF4755.G76X 2008

Hansen, Randall & Weil, Patrick. Dual Nationality, Social Rights, and Federal Citizenship in the U.S. and Europe: The Reinvention of Citizenship. YLS call #: K7128.D8H36 2002

Harvey, Jennifer. Whiteness and Morality: Pursuing Racial Justice through Reparations and Sovereignty. YLS call# E184.A1H3528X 2007

Hathaway, Oona, & Koh, Harold Hongju (eds.). Foundations of International Law and Politics [see section IV: Applications: Human Rights]. YLS call# KZ3410.F68 2005 

Herr, Stanley & Gostin, Lawrence & Koh, Harold Hongju. The Human Rights of Persons with Intellectual Disabilities: Different but Equal. YLS call# K637.H86 2003 

Higginbotham, F. Michael. Race Law: Cases, Commentary, and Questions. YLS call# KF4755.A7H54 2010

Hill, Mike (ed.). Whiteness: A Critical Reader. YLS call#  E184.A1W398 1997

Huo, Yuen & Tyler, Tom. How Different Ethnic Groups React to Legal Authority. YLS call# KFC950.H86 2000

Irons, Jenny. Reconstituting Whiteness: The Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission. YLS call# F350.A1I76X 2010

Jacobson, Matthew. Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race. YLS call# E184.E95J33 1998

Johnson, Kevin (ed.). Mixed Race America and the Law: A Reader. YLS call# KF4755.M59 2003

Jones, Cecily. Engendering Whiteness: White Women and Colonialism in Barbados and North Carolina, 1627-1865. YLS call# HQ1233.J73 2007

Kahn, Paul. The Cultural Study of Law: Reconstructing Legal Scholarship. YLS call# KF382.K33 1999 

-----. Out of Eden: Adam and Eve and the Problem of Evil. YLS call# BJ1401.K34 2007

Kennedy, Randall. The Persistence of the Color Line: Racial Politics and the Obama Presidency. YLS call# E185.615.K376X 2011

-----. Race, Crime, and the Law. YLS call# KF9223.K43 1997

Kofler, Georg & Maduro, Miguel Poiares, et al. (eds.). Human Rights and Taxation in Europe and the World. YLS call# K4466.H86 2011

Koh, Harold Hongju & Slye, Ronald. Deliberative Democracy and Human Rights. YLS call# JC423.D3894 1999

Krikorian, Gaëlle, & Kapczynski, Amy (eds.). Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property. YLS call# K1401.A929X 2010

Krysan, Maria & Lewis, Amanda. The Changing Terrain of Race and Ethnicity. YLS call# E184.A1C444 2004

Lawrence, Charles & Matsuda, Mari. We Won’t Go Back: Making the Case for Affirmative Action. HF5549.5.A34L38 1997

Lee, Francis Graham. Equal Protection: Rights and Liberties under the Law. YLS call# KF4755.L438 2003

Legomsky, Stephen & Rodríguez, Cristina. Immigration and Refugee Law and Policy. YLS call# KF4818.L43 2009

López, Ian Haney (ed.). Race, Law and Society. YLS call# KF4755.R35X 2007

Lukens, Patrick. A Quiet Victory for Latino Rights: FDR and the Controversy over Whiteness. YLS call# E184.S75L85X 2012

Mallampalli, Chandra. Race, Religion, and Law in Colonial India: Trials of an Interracial Family. YLS call# KNS46.A27M35X 2011

Marable, Manning et al. The New Black History: Revisiting the Second Reconstruction. YLS call# E185.615.N37 2011

----- et al. (eds.). Racializing Justice, Disenfranchising Lives: The Racism, Criminal Justice, and Law Reader. YLS call# HV9950.R34X 2007

----- et al. (eds.). Seeking Higher Ground: The Hurricane Katrina Crisis, Race, and Public Policy Reader. YLS call# HV6362005.N4S44X 2008

Martin, Gordon. Count Them One by One: Black Mississippians Fighting for the Right to Vote. YLS call# JK1929.M7M37 2010          

Meares, Tracey, & Kahan, Dan. Urgent Times: Policing and Rights in Inner-City Communities. YLS call# HV7936.C83M42 1999 

Mitchell, Koritha. Living with Lynching: African American Lynching Plays, Performance, and Citizenship, 1890-1930. YLS call# PS338.N4M455X 2011

Mohnhaupt, Begriffs, & Grimm, Dieter. Verfassung: Zur Geschichte des Begriffs von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart: Zwei Studien. YLS call# K3161.M64 2002

Moloney, Deirdre. National Insecurities: Immigrants and U.S. Deportation Policy since 1882. YLS call# JV6483.M645X 2012

Moran, Peter. Race, Law, and the Desegregation of the Public Schools. YLS call# KFX1591.S34M67 2005

Moran, Rachel & Carbado, Devon. Race Law Stories. YLS call# KF4755 .R355 2008 

Moyn, Samuel. The Last Utopia: Human Rights in History. YLS call# JC571.M86 2010

Myers, Verna. Moving Diversity Forward: How to Go From Well-Meaning to Well-Doing. YLS call# KF300.M94 2011

Olivas, Michael. (ed.). ‘Colored Men’ and ‘Hombres Aquí’: Hernández v. Texas and the Emergence of Mexican American Lawyering. YLS call# KF224.H468C65 2006

-----. No Undocumented Child Left Behind: Plyer v. Doe and the Education of Undocumented Schoolchildren. YLS call# KF4217.I46O45X 2012

Parks, Gregory, et al. (eds.). Critical Race Realism: Intersections of Psychology, Race, and Law. YLS call# KF4755.C749X 2008

Pencak, William & Richter, Daniel (eds.). Friends and Enemies in Penn’s Woods: Indians, Colonists, and the Racial Construction of Pennsylvania. YLS call# F152.F865 2004

Perea, Juan et al. Race and Races: Cases and Resources for a Diverse America. YLS call# KF4755.A7R33 2007

Phelan, Shane. Identity Politics: Lesbian Feminism and the Limits of Community. YLS call# HQ75.5.P48 1989

-----. Sexual Strangers: Gays, Lesbians, and Dilemmas of Citizenship. YLS call# HQ76.8.U5P48 2001

Pierce, Jennifer. Racing for Innocence: Whiteness, Gender, and the Backlash against Affirmative Action. YLS call# HF5549.5.A34P54X 2012

Pogge, Thomas. World Poverty and Human Rights: Cosmopolitan Responsibilities and Reforms. YLS call# JC571.P577 2008

----- & Moellendorf, Darrel. Global Responsibilities/Global Justice: Seminal Essays. YLS call# JC578.P62X 2008

Post, Robert & Hesse, Carla (eds.). Human Rights in Political Transitions: Gettysburg to Bosnia. YLS call# JC571.H769526 1999        

----- & Rogin, Michael (eds.). Race and Representation: Affirmative Action. YLS call# HF5549.5.A34R32 1996

----- & Rosenblum, Nancy. Civil Society and Government. YLS call# JC336.C5667 2002 

----- & Siegel, Reva, et al. Prejudicial Appearances: The Logic of American Antidiscrimination Law. YLS call# KF4755.P67 2001

Rana, Aziz. The Two Faces of American Freedom. YLS call# E183.R27 2010        

Reisman, W. Michael. The Quest for World Order and Human Dignity in the Twenty-First Century: Constitutive Process and Individual Commitment.  

Resnik, Judith, & Curtis, Dennis. Representing Justice: Invention, Controversy, and Rights in City-States and Democratic Courtrooms. YLS call# N8219.L3R47 2011 oversize

Rohrleitner, Marion & Ryan, Sarah (eds.). Dialogues across Diasporas: Women Writers, Scholars, and Activists of Africana and Latina Descent in Conversation. Copies of this 2013 book are on order.

Rose-Ackerman, Susan. Rethinking the Progressive Agenda: The Reform of the American Regulatory State [see chapter 7, “Social Services: Proxy Shopping”]. YLS call# KF5402.R665 1992

Rubenfeld, Jed. Revolution by Judiciary: The Structure of American Constitutional Law. YLS call# KF4550.R83 2005 

Rubenstein, Michael. Discrimination: A Guide to the Relevant Case Law. YLS call# KD3102.A59R83 2007 oversize

Ruger, Jennifer Prah. Health and Social Justice. YLS call# RA418.R84 2010

Said, Edward & Viswanathan, Gauri. Power, Politics, and Culture: Interviews with Edward W. Said. YLS call# CB18.S25A3 2001

Sarat, Austin (ed.). Race, Law, and Culture: Reflections on Brown v. Board of Education. YLS call# KF4155.A2R33 1997

Schuck, Peter. Diversity in America: Keeping Government at a Safe Distance. YLS call# E184.A1S37 2003         

----- & Wilson, James (eds.). Understanding America: The Anatomy of an Exceptional Nation. YLS call# E169.12.U479 2007    

SenGupta, Gunja. From Slavery to Poverty: The Racial Origins of Welfare in New York, 1840-1918. YLS call# HV99.N59S43X 2009

Shapiro, Ian & Kymlicka, Will. Ethnicity and Group Rights

Sharfstein, Daniel. The Invisible Line: Three American Families and the Secret Journey from Black to White. YLS call# E184.A1S5724 2011

Siegel, Reva & Greenhouse, Linda. Before Roe v. Wade: Voices that Shaped the Abortion Debate before the Supreme Court’s Ruling. 

Silber, Norman. With All Deliberate Speed: The Life of Philip Elman. YLS call# KF373.E455A3 2004      

Sklar, Kathryn & Stewart, James (eds.). Women’s Rights and Transatlantic Antislavery in the Era of Emancipation. YLS call# E449.W895X 2007

Southern Education Reporting Service & Shoemaker, Don. With All Deliberate Speed: Segregation-Desegration in Southern Schools. YLS call# LB3062.S6

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty & Landry, Donna & MacLean, Gerald. The Spivak Reader: Selected Works of Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak. YLS # HM101.S7733 1996

Tuitt, Patricia. Race, Law, Resistance. YLS call# K3242.T85 2004

Tyler, Tom. Social Justice in a Diverse Society. YLS call# HM216.S553 1997

-----. & Meares, Tracey, et al. (eds). Legitimacy and Criminal Justice: International Perspectives. YLS call# HV7419.L45X 2007

Webb, Clive. Fight Against Fear: Southern Jews and Black Civil Rights. YLS call# E184.36.A34W43 2001

-----. Massive Resistance: Southern Opposition to the Second Reconstruction. YLS call# E185.61.M374 2005

Weil, Patrick. How to be French: Nationality in the Making Since 1789. YLS call# KJV4184.W45X 2008

Weiler-Harwell, Nina. Discrimination Against Atheists: A New Legal Hierarchy among Religious Beliefs. YLS call# KF4868.A84W45X 2011

Whitman, James. Harsh Justice: Criminal Punishment and the Widening Divide between America and Europe. YLS call# K5103.W48 2003

Wiener, Richard et al. Social Consciousness in Legal Decision Making: Psychological Perspectives. YLS call# K376.S58 2007

Wildhaber, Luzius. The European Court of Human Rights, 1998-2006: History, Achievements, Reform. YLS call# KJC5138.W55 2006

Williams, Patricia. The Alchemy of Race and Rights. YLS call# KF4757.W53 1991             

-----. Seeing a Color-Blind Future: The Paradox of Race. YLS call# E185.615.W493 1998

Winter, Ralph & Fiss, Owen et al. Affirmative Action: The Answer to Discrimination? An AEI Round Table held on May 28, 1975. YLS call# JC578.A44

Witt, John. Lincoln’s Code: The Laws of War in American History. YLS call# KF7210.W58 2012           

-----. Patriots and Cosmopolitans: Hidden Histories of American Law [see section 2: “Exits”]. YLS call# KF353.W58X 2007      

Young, Iris. Responsibility for Justice. YLS call# BJ1451.Y68X 2011

 

Coming Soon!

Ackerman, Bruce. We the People, Vol. 3: The Civil Rights Revolution, Harvard University Press.

 

Image: Romare Howard Bearden (1911-1988), Morning of Red Bird. Courtesy of Yale Image Collection.

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