Rare Books Blog

Evidence of Women exhibit
June 26, 2015

Yale Law Library exhibit: “Evidence of Women”

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New Yale Law Library exhibit…

EVIDENCE OF WOMEN:

WOMEN AS PRINTERS, DONORS, AND OWNERS OF LAW TEXTS

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Women printed, donated, and owned law books – from manuals to treatises to codes – long before women entered legal practice. From queens to unknown women, from the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries, this exhibit provides a glimpse of women’s involvement with law books both inside and outside of official structures.

The exhibit, “Evidence of Women: Women as Printers, Donors, and Owners of Law Texts,” is curated by Anna Franz (Rare Book Fellow, Yale Law Library). It is on display through August 25, 2015, in the Rare Book Exhibition Gallery, located on Level L2 of the Lillian Goldman Law Library, Yale Law School (127 Wall Street, New Haven, CT).

This exhibit provides further evidence of women’s long involvement with the law even at times when they could not practice it. Since the exhibit represents only a small sampling from the vast corpus of law texts, it prompts reflection on the potential depth and breadth of women’s interactions with the law as producers, transmitters, and consumers, instead of as objects or eventually practitioners of law. It especially highlights women’s importance in the dissemination of law texts through their substantial and sustained role as printers and sellers of law books.

For more information, contact Anna Franz at (203) 432-5678, email anna.franz@yale.edu, or Mike Widener at (203) 432-4494, email mike.widener@yale.edu.

- ANNA FRANZ, Rare Book Fellow

Packing list by Nathan Sanford?
June 24, 2015

To help you pack for your summer travels, consider this list written in the front of a copy of Jacob’s Law Grammar, perhaps by Nathan Sanford himself. Some essentials:

Table Cloaths

4 Cravats

2 Pair of Draws

2 Vests

Pair of Stockings

2 Shifts

Short Gowns

Pocket handkerchiefs

2 Frocks

Peticoat

Quilt

Happy packing!

- ANNA FRANZ, Rare Book Fellow

Murillo Velarde's Practica de testamentos (1755)
June 12, 2015

One of our latest acquisitions is a book I’ve sought for over twenty years, ever since my days at the University of Texas Law Library. It is Pedro Murillo Velarde’s Practica de testamentos (Mexico City, 1755), a pocket-size form book on the drafting of wills. The legal historian Hans W. Baade describes Practica de testamentos as a work of “towering importance.” In “The Form of Marriage in Spanish North America,” 61 Cornell Law Review 1 (1975), Baade wrote “It seems likely that the Practica was carried by priests, as occasion demanded, along with their breviaries, and that the wills drafted in Spanish North America followed, by and large, Murillo Velarde’s precedents.” As evidence of its influence in the Spanish Southwest, the opening chapter of the Kearney Code of Laws for the Government of the Territory of New Mexico (1865) states:

“The laws heretofore in force concerning descents, distributions, wills and testaments, as contained in the treatise on these subjects, written by Pedro Murillo [Velarde] De Lorde, shall remain in force so far as they are in conformity with the Constitution of the United States and the state laws in force for the time being.”

Practica de testamentos was first published in Manila in 1745. Our 1755 edition was the first of a dozen editions published in Mexico City, the last one appearing in 1869. It was one of the earliest books printed in New Mexico, with editions printed in Santa Fe in 1850, 1870, and 1884. It was also published in Guatemala (1753) and Buenos Aires (1792).

The author, Pedro Murillo Velarde (1696-1753), was a Jesuit priest who spent almost his entire career in the Philippines. He served as professor of canon law and theology in the University of Manila, as well as in numerous offices with the Jesuits. Murillo Velarde was a prolific author. His two-volume Cursus juris canonici, hispani, et indici, a textbook on canon law as practiced in Spain and its overseas empire, was considered the best 18th-century Spanish treatise on canon law. It was published in Madrid in 1743, 1763, and 1791.

Murillo Velarde  also authored an impressive ten-volume Geographía historica (Madrid, 1752). His map of the Philippines, Carta hydrographica y chorographica de las Yslas Filipinas (Manila, 1734), described in a June 9, 2015 CNN report as the “Mother of all Philippine maps” and the “Holy Grail of Philippine cartography,” is being submitted to the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea in The Hague as evidence by the Philippines in a dispute with China over islands in the South China Sea.

Following the title page in the 1755 Practica de testamentos is a proverb in Spanish, with advice for those writing their last wills:

Dispón tus cosas de suerte,
Que te dén vida en la muerte.

[Dispose wisely of your wealth
So that it gives you life in death.]

— MIKE WIDENER, Rare Book Librarian

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